Neurological disorders in children can have a significant impact on their development and overall well-being. As a parent, it is crucial to be aware of the common neurological disorders that can affect your child, so that you can seek timely medical intervention and support. In this blog, we will discuss some of the most common neurological disorders in children and shed light on how Dr. Anil Dhingra, one of the Best Neurosurgeon in Chandigarh, can provide his expert guidance and help in their diagnosis and management.

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
ADHD is a common neurodevelopmental disorder characterised by symptoms like hyperactivity, impulsiveness, and difficulties in paying attention or staying focused. It often begins during childhood and can persist into adulthood. Children with ADHD may struggle with organisation, time management, and social interactions. Its’ treatment may involve a combination of medication, behavioural therapy, and educational support.

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)
ASD is a complex developmental disorder that affects communication, behaviour, and social interaction. Children with ASD often have difficulties with verbal and nonverbal communication, repetitive behaviours, and challenges with social interactions. Early intervention and therapy programs are crucial for children with ASD to improve their language, social, and cognitive skills.

Epilepsy is a neurological disorder characterised by recurring seizures caused by abnormal electrical activity in the brain. Seizures can vary in intensity and duration and they may be accompanied by loss of consciousness, convulsions, or unusual movements. Medication, lifestyle modifications, and in some cases, surgery are common treatment options for epilepsy in children.

Cerebral Palsy (CP)
CP is a group of disorders that affect muscle tone, movement, and motor skills. It occurs due to damage to the developing brain, often before or during birth or during early childhood. Children with CP may experience difficulties with movement, coordination, balance, and fine motor skills. Treatment options for CP include physical therapy, occupational therapy, medications, and assistive devices.

Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD)
DCD, also known as dyspraxia, is a disorder that affects motor coordination and planning. Children with DCD may struggle with activities that require coordination, such as tying shoelaces, writing, or participating in sports. Treatment usually involves occupational therapy and specific interventions to help improve coordination and motor skills.

Tourette Syndrome (TS)
TS is a neurological disorder characterised by involuntary repetitive movements and vocalisations known as tics. These tics can range from mild to severe and typically start during childhood. While there is no cure for TS, medication, behavioural therapy, and support from healthcare professionals can help manage symptoms and improve the child’s quality of life.

Neurological disorders in children are diverse and can vary greatly in their impact on a child’s daily life. Whether it’s ADHD, ASD, epilepsy, CP, DCD, or TS, each disorder requires individualised care and support. Dr Anil Dhingra, a renowned Neurosurgeon in Chandigarh, emphasises that by raising awareness and promoting early intervention, we can assure these children have the opportunities they deserve to thrive and lead fulfilling lives.